This is an introductory course to the history of the Middle East in the "long Twentieth century," from the end of the 18th century until the present. The goal of this course is to introduce students to major political, social, intellectual and cultural issues and practices in the Middle East, focusing on important events, movements and ideas, which shaped the history of the Middle East during the last century and affect its current realities.
The course will begin with a historical introduction to the Middle East in the late Ottoman period and the eve of imperialism at the beginning of the Twentieth century after World War I. We will then discuss the processes that led to the establishment of nation-states in the Middle East, focusing mainly on Turkey and Egypt as our case studies. We will look into the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and its effect on the Middle East, as well as on the rise of political Islam, the Iranian Revolution, and the American involvement in the Middle East. The course will conclude with a discussion and analysis of today's realities in the Middle East.