Explores how the world, as we know it today, came to be. Examines what it means to be modern and the consequences of modernity of people's everyday lives. Introduces real and perceived changes that made the world recognizably "modern". Surveys the rise of empires, nation-states, industrialized economies, mass consumption, popular culture, and political ideas and movements, and studies how they resulted in new, often contested, dynamics of racial, class, religious, gendered, and politicial identity. Instruction provided in how the evolving relationships of people with political, social, and economic structures produced a world that is highly interconnected and, at the same time, divided along different fault lines.